Thursday, June 20, 2019

American Natural History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Ameri smoke Natural History - Essay ExampleThese eras are characterized in the essay based on the environmental situation of the Americas and its slipway of improving the nature. Lastly, a comparison of the previous and past concepts of improving the nature will also be briefly discussed in this essay. The Colonial Period The Columbian Era October (1492-1502) The highlight of the environmental history of the United States started with Columbus arrival in San Salvador. Changes in the Land, written by William Cronon, documented how Columbus and other colonists arrival marked the beginning of peoples different attitude towards the environment. Columbus Columbian Exchange made possible the exchanges of diseases, plants, animals, and others that strengthened the link between europium and America (Magoc 6). Loss of lives was a result of the natives willingness and active participation in trading. Mercantilism, which entails the extraction of natural resources for trading, existed betwee n the native Indians and the colonists. By saying so, the gradual conclusion of the native Indians environment was a result of their willingness in forging trading with the colonists which entails extraction of anything that can be exchanged to the Europeans. In other words, the natives were not coerce to engage in trading they simply did what they think could serve their needs. The precolonial and colonial period were marked by an abundance of natural resources, or as Cronon suggests, interminable and overflowing resources (168). The natives believe that their resources are endless, but the arrival of the Europeans made their beliefs changed. The colonists instilled in them the idea that natures abundance is limited. Nature, by all means, can be altered, diminished, or modify depending on how and to what extent the resources are used. Furthermore, kill ownership has also altered the way the natives view possessions. The Europeans made them believe that even lands can be traded . The natives relationship with the land is a transient one, something that made them utilized the land based on how much it can provide them in a given period of time. What they believed to be traded with the colonists is not the land itself, but the rights associated with its use, such as the rights to till and hunt. However, that is not how the Europeans viewed mercantilism. This is enough to say that complacency and confidence towards the Europeans at last started the destruction of the environment. Using land to trade is environmentally devastating because no one knows how it is going to be utilized. Altering them for mercantilism purposes destructs the whole naturality of the land. Worse, when one gets benefits from the land after a commercial venture, he or she is not satisfied and wants even more from changing the land. Humans are innately not at rest creatures. The evidence, as documented by Cronon, was the Europeans demand for fur bearing animals and beaver. As a result, beavers population diminished and affected the ecological balance. In Cronons words, Beaver dams provided a natural alteration of the ecosystem. Eliminating the dam makers meant recreating the environment (107). When there were acres of arable land, colonists also flocked the area, and this created a

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